Chemical Elements Stocks List

Symbol Grade Name % Change
VNP F 5N Plus Inc. 1.08
ADE C Adex Mining Inc. 33.33
SVR B iShares Silver Bullion ETF 1.15
AII C Almonty Industries Inc. 1.87
ALS B Altius Minerals Corporation 2.45
DKL A Decklar Resources Inc 32.69
AVL D Avalon Advanced Materials Inc. -3.13
AXM C AXMIN Inc. -14.29
NKL B Prophecy Platinum Corp 0.00
BQE A BQE Water Inc. 6.25
JSP.H B Jasper Mining Corporation -5.26
JZR B Jazz Resources Inc -1.49
CCE F Commerce Resources Corp. 0.00
WCC B Consolidated Woodjam Copper Corp. -2.50
CNC B Canyon Copper Corp 1.43
PRMW C Primo Water Corporation 1.84
CRE D Critical Elements Corporation -2.38
ELR C Eastern Platinum Limited 5.26
FT D Fortune Minerals Limited 3.57
FL C Frontier Lithium Inc. 3.45
GR C Great Atlantic Resources Corp. -2.00
ICM D Iconic Minerals Ltd. -4.55
IRI B IEMR Resources Inc. 0.00
KAT D Katanga Mining Limited 0.00
LGO C Largo Resources Ltd. 2.43
MND B Mandalay Resources Corporation -0.36
MDL D Medallion Resources Ltd. -5.71
MLR B Melior Resources Inc. 7.14
HURA B Horizons Global Uranium Index ETF 3.13
NIO F Niocan Inc. -3.85
NB D NioCorp Developments Ltd. 2.40
NRM C Noram Ventures Inc. 20.83
NOT C Noront Resources Ltd. 0.00
NVT C Nortec Minerals Corp. 0.00
SBT B Silver Bullion Trust ETF 1.13
NRN F Northern Shield Resources Inc. 0.00
RCK D Rock Tech Lithium Inc. -0.50
SCY C Scandium International Mining Corp. 0.00
SZM B ScoZinc Mining Ltd. 8.06
S C Sherritt International Corporation -1.92
SNG D Silver Range Resources Ltd. 2.56
SXL F SLAM Exploration Ltd. 0.00
SRA C Stria Lithium Inc. 0.00
TKO B Taseko Mines Limited 1.45
TUD F Tudor Gold Corp. 2.23
QCCU C QC Copper and Gold Inc. 0.00
VUL A Vulcan Minerals Inc. 11.11
WM D Wallbridge Mining Company Limited 1.67
WKG D WestKam Gold Corp. -3.33
XBC F Xebec Adsorption Inc. -2.67
ZAD B Zadar Ventures Ltd. 7.14
SPPP.U B Sprott Physical Platinum Palladium USD -0.34
TECK.A A Teck Resources Ltd Cl A 6.84
TECK.B A Teck Resources Ltd Cl B 3.46
GBRC D Gold Bull Resources Corp. 0.00
FCC D First Cobalt Corp 2.99
LIT B Argentina Lithium and Energy Corp 16.00
MN F Manganese X Energy Corp 2.99
NBY D Niobay Metals Inc -1.18
NCP F Nickel Creek Platinum Corp. 0.00
NEO D NEO Performance Materials Inc 3.39
HZ D Hybrid Minerals Inc. -3.23
ADZ B Adamera Minerals Corp. 5.00
PRO C Pershimex Resources Corp. -9.09
MUR F Murchison Minerals Ltd -7.14
ENRG C New Energy Metals Corp. 10.53
BATT B Bluebird Battery Metals Inc. 3.70
COPS F Crops Inc. 0.00
SGMA B Margaux Red Capital Inc. 2.79
NMI B North American Medical Services -1.72
GRDM B Grid Metals Corp. 0.00
VDO.H A Nevado Resources Corporation 48.00
MMS D Macarthur Minerals Limited -2.17
KMAX A Organimax Nutrient Corp. 10.00
SPPP B Sprott Physical Platinum Palladium CAD -0.24
CGL C iShares Gold Bullion ETF 0.86
CRB C Cariboo Rose Resources Ltd. -6.25
APY B Anglo Pacific Group PLC 2.21
PGP A Power Group Projects Corp. 0.00
NIKL B Gk Resources Ltd 5.56
SKYG B Sky Gold Corp. -2.86
PDM B Palladium One Mining 1.56
JRV C Jervois Mining Ltd 4.71
SVG F Silver Grail Resources Ltd. 3.23
DG D Dixie Gold Inc. 2.22
GMC F Gaia Metals Corp. -5.88
ABZ F AsiaBaseMetals Inc. -14.58
HGY C Horizons Gold Yield ETF 0.56
SVR.C B Ishares Silver Bullion ETF 0.31
USA F Americas Silver Corporation 5.41
AIS F A. I. S. Resources Limited 0.00
WRX B Wireless Matrix J -4.35
GEMC A Global Energy Metals Corp -3.03
CGL.C C Ishares Gold Bullion ETF 0.42
BCU F Bell Copper Corp 0.00
AIR C Cleanfield Alternative Energy Inc 4.35
KRR B Karora Resources Inc. 4.47
BAG D Blende Silver Corp 15.79
SJL B Saint Jean Carbon Inc -3.70
AGH.H C Canadian Silver Hunter Inc 0.00
GENM B Generation Mining Ltd 0.00
BNAU A Battle North Gold Corp -0.38
ELEC B Electric Royalties Ltd -1.23
AEC B Artisan Energy Corporati 13.64
EQTY C Equity Metals Corporation 4.55
MARV B Marvel Discovery Corp 0.00
BMR D Battery Mineral Resources Corp 0.00
GGAU C Gambier Gold Corp. -4.17
NILI D Surge Battery Metals Inc 0.00
DLP B Mg Capital Corp 3.57
CUSN B Cornish Metals Inc. -2.00
ION D Alset Minerals Corp 3.90
LIS F Lithium South Development Corp 18.75
GLO B Global Atomic Corporation 2.46
HMAN F Huntsman Exploration Inc. 0.00
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    Recent Signals

    Date Stock Signal Type
    2021-05-14 ADE MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 ADE Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 ADE Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 ADE Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
    2021-05-14 ADE Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 ADE Expansion Pivot Buy Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 ADZ Golden Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 ADZ Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 AII Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 AIR 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 AIR 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 ALS Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 ALS 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 APY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 AXM Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 AXM Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 AXM Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 BAG Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
    2021-05-14 BCU Boomer Sell Setup Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 BCU Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 BCU Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 BCU 1,2,3 Retracement Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 BCU Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 BNAU Three Weeks Tight Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 CCE Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 CCE Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 CGL.C Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 CNC 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 CNC Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 CRB Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 CRB Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 CRB MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 CRB Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 CRB Fell Below 50 DMA Bearish
    2021-05-14 DKL New 52 Week Closing High Bullish
    2021-05-14 DKL Expansion Breakout Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 DKL Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 DKL New 52 Week High Strength
    2021-05-14 DKL Wide Range Bar Range Expansion
    2021-05-14 DLP Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 DLP Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 ELEC Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 ELEC Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 ELEC Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
    2021-05-14 ELR MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 ELR Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 ELR Crossed Above 200 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 ELR Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 ELR Wide Range Bar Range Expansion
    2021-05-14 ELR 50 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 ELR Expansion Pivot Buy Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 EQTY Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 EQTY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 EQTY NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 FCC Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 FCC 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 FL NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 FL Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 FL MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 FT Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 FT Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 FT Hammer Candlestick Bullish
    2021-05-14 FT Doji - Bullish? Reversal
    2021-05-14 FT Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
    2021-05-14 FT Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
    2021-05-14 GBRC 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 GBRC 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 GBRC Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
    2021-05-14 GBRC Hammer Candlestick Bullish
    2021-05-14 GBRC Wide Range Bar Range Expansion
    2021-05-14 GEMC Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 GEMC Bearish Engulfing Bearish
    2021-05-14 GENM Doji - Bullish? Reversal
    2021-05-14 GLO Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 GR Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 GR Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 HGY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 HGY Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 HMAN Hammer Candlestick Bullish
    2021-05-14 HMAN New 52 Week Low Weakness
    2021-05-14 HMAN Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
    2021-05-14 HMAN Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
    2021-05-14 HMAN Doji - Bullish? Reversal
    2021-05-14 ION Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 IRI Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 IRI Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 JRV Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 JRV MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 JRV 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 KRR Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 KRR Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 KRR Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
    2021-05-14 LGO Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 LGO NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 LIS Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 LIS Bullish Engulfing Bullish
    2021-05-14 LIT Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 LIT 180 Bullish Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 LIT Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 LIT MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 LIT Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
    2021-05-14 MARV 20 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 MDL Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 MMS Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 MMS Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 MMS Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 MMS Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
    2021-05-14 MN Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
    2021-05-14 MN Hammer Candlestick Bullish
    2021-05-14 MN Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
    2021-05-14 MND Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 MND 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NB Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 NB Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NBY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NBY Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NBY NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NCP Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
    2021-05-14 NCP Hammer Candlestick Bullish
    2021-05-14 NCP Doji - Bullish? Reversal
    2021-05-14 NCP Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NEO Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NIKL Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NIKL Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NIO 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 NIO 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 NIO Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
    2021-05-14 NIO Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NIO Expansion Breakdown Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NKL Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NKL 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NMI 50 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 NMI Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NMI Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
    2021-05-14 NMI MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish
    2021-05-14 NMI Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 NOT 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 NRN Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 NRN Doji - Bearish? Reversal
    2021-05-14 NVT Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 PDM Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 PDM 50 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 PDM Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 PGP Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 PGP Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 PGP Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 PRMW Cup with Handle Other
    2021-05-14 PRMW 20 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 PRMW MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
    2021-05-14 PRO Stochastic Sell Signal Bearish
    2021-05-14 PRO Fell Below 200 DMA Bearish
    2021-05-14 PRO Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 QCCU MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish
    2021-05-14 QCCU Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 QCCU 50 DMA Support Bullish
    2021-05-14 QCCU Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
    2021-05-14 RCK Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 S Expansion Pivot Sell Setup Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 S 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 SBT Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SCY Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SCY 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 SGMA Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SGMA Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 SJL Boomer Buy Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SNG Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SPPP Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SPPP Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SPPP.U 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SPPP.U Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SRA 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SRA Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SRA Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SRA Boomer Buy Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SRA Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SVG Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SVR Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SVR Volume Surge Other
    2021-05-14 SVR.C Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SVR.C Gilligan's Island Sell Setup Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 SVR.C Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 SXL Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 TECK.A Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 TECK.A 180 Bullish Setup Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 TECK.A Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 TECK.A Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
    2021-05-14 TECK.A New 52 Week High Strength
    2021-05-14 TECK.A New 52 Week Closing High Bullish
    2021-05-14 TECK.A Volume Surge Other
    2021-05-14 TKO NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 TUD Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 TUD NR7 Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 VNP Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 VNP Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 VUL Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
    2021-05-14 VUL New 52 Week High Strength
    2021-05-14 VUL Volume Surge Other
    2021-05-14 VUL Wide Range Bar Range Expansion
    2021-05-14 VUL New 52 Week Closing High Bullish
    2021-05-14 VUL Expansion Breakout Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 VUL Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 WCC Death Cross Bearish
    2021-05-14 WCC Calm After Storm Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 WCC Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 WM MACD Bearish Centerline Cross Bearish
    2021-05-14 WM 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
    2021-05-14 WM Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
    2021-05-14 WRX 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 WRX Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 XBC Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
    2021-05-14 XBC Jack-in-the-Box Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
    2021-05-14 XBC MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish

    Recent News for Chemical Elements Stocks

    Date Stock Title
    May 14 AEC Anfield Energy Closes Upsized Private Placement
    May 14 SRA Stria Lithium Inc. Provides Further Disclosure Ahead of Shareholder Meeting
    May 14 AVL Avalon Completes Non-Brokered Private Placement for Gross Proceeds of $500,000
    May 14 KRR Karora Resources Renews Normal Course Issuer Bid
    May 14 APY Could The Anglo Pacific Group plc (LON:APF) Ownership Structure Tell Us Something Useful?
    May 13 VNP 5N Plus Announces Results of Annual Meeting of Shareholders
    May 13 WM Wallbridge Mining Announces Voting Results from Annual Meeting of Shareholders
    May 13 VNP Did You Miss 5N Plus' (TSE:VNP) 94% Share Price Gain?
    May 13 LGO Largo Resources Ltd. to Host Earnings Call
    May 13 NEO Neo Performance Materials Reports Strong First Quarter 2021 Results
    May 13 MND Mandalay Resources Corp. to Host Earnings Call
    May 12 BMR Battery Mineral Resources Corp. Closes Book for C$15,000,000 Equity Financing to Acquire Punitaqui Copper-Gold Mine
    May 12 MND Mandalay Resources Corporation Announces Financial Results for the First Quarter of 2021
    May 12 LGO Largo Resources Announces Solid First Quarter 2021 Financial Results with Net Income of $4.1 Million; Strategic Developments of Clean Energy Division Continue
    May 12 ALS Altius Reports Voting Results From May 12, 2021 Annual General Meeting
    May 12 GRDM Grid Metals Corp. Announces Private Placement
    May 12 WM Wallbridge Provides Corporate Update
    May 12 KRR Karora Extends New Larkin Zone to Over 650 Metres with Strong Infill and Step-out Drilling, Including 7.6 g/t Gold over 5.8 Metres
    May 12 ALS Altius Minerals Corp. to Host Earnings Call
    May 12 QCCU QC Copper Reports A New Batch of Assay Results from its Opemiska Project, Including 144 Metres of .44% CuEq.

    A chemical element is a species of atom having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z). For example, the atomic number of oxygen is 8, so the element oxygen consists of all atoms which have exactly 8 protons.
    118 elements have been identified, of which the first 94 occur naturally on Earth with the remaining 24 being synthetic elements. There are 80 elements that have at least one stable isotope and 38 that have exclusively radionuclides, which decay over time into other elements. Iron is the most abundant element (by mass) making up Earth, while oxygen is the most common element in the Earth's crust.Chemical elements constitute all of the ordinary matter of the universe. However astronomical observations suggest that ordinary observable matter makes up only about 15% of the matter in the universe: the remainder is dark matter; the composition of this is unknown, but it is not composed of chemical elements.
    The two lightest elements, hydrogen and helium, were mostly formed in the Big Bang and are the most common elements in the universe. The next three elements (lithium, beryllium and boron) were formed mostly by cosmic ray spallation, and are thus rarer than heavier elements. Formation of elements with from 6 to 26 protons occurred and continues to occur in main sequence stars via stellar nucleosynthesis. The high abundance of oxygen, silicon, and iron on Earth reflects their common production in such stars. Elements with greater than 26 protons are formed by supernova nucleosynthesis in supernovae, which, when they explode, blast these elements as supernova remnants far into space, where they may become incorporated into planets when they are formed.The term "element" is used for atoms with a given number of protons (regardless of whether or not they are ionized or chemically bonded, e.g. hydrogen in water) as well as for a pure chemical substance consisting of a single element (e.g. hydrogen gas). For the second meaning, the terms "elementary substance" and "simple substance" have been suggested, but they have not gained much acceptance in English chemical literature, whereas in some other languages their equivalent is widely used (e.g. French corps simple, Russian простое вещество). A single element can form multiple substances differing in their structure; they are called allotropes of the element.
    When different elements are chemically combined, with the atoms held together by chemical bonds, they form chemical compounds. Only a minority of elements are found uncombined as relatively pure minerals. Among the more common of such native elements are copper, silver, gold, carbon (as coal, graphite, or diamonds), and sulfur. All but a few of the most inert elements, such as noble gases and noble metals, are usually found on Earth in chemically combined form, as chemical compounds. While about 32 of the chemical elements occur on Earth in native uncombined forms, most of these occur as mixtures. For example, atmospheric air is primarily a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and argon, and native solid elements occur in alloys, such as that of iron and nickel.
    The history of the discovery and use of the elements began with primitive human societies that found native elements like carbon, sulfur, copper and gold. Later civilizations extracted elemental copper, tin, lead and iron from their ores by smelting, using charcoal. Alchemists and chemists subsequently identified many more; all of the naturally occurring elements were known by 1950.
    The properties of the chemical elements are summarized in the periodic table, which organizes the elements by increasing atomic number into rows ("periods") in which the columns ("groups") share recurring ("periodic") physical and chemical properties. Save for unstable radioactive elements with short half-lives, all of the elements are available industrially, most of them in low degrees of impurities.

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